Letters of intent may be advanced in the world of commercial real estate. In some specific domestic markets (for example in principal to principal deals between upstream Petroleum traders and producers in the same country, or certain Joint venture projects) they may be found. But there is no underlying and supported standard international application for the Letter of Intent.
The LOI as it is now used is a misunderstood application of poorly informed brokers and traders. A more proper application based on established custom and practice in International trade, going back even to the old medieval "Law Merchant" (Lex Mercantilis) is: Buyer requests a quotation _ in modern usage this is an RFQ/Request For Quotation _ NOT an LOI. Seller may then reply with a Quote. Buyer confirms receipt of quoted prices, and requests an Offer.