"My advice [to parties contemplating having an LOI] is to proceed with caution before signing any such document. As a general rule (and there are exceptions), I urge the parties to go right to the final documents and "dot all of the I's and cross all of the T's," rather than go through this interim step of a letter of intent, which has many potential traps."
Even taken at their word, it doesn't change the fact that they are using documentary procedures that are unusual, and abnormal. Contact any business college, or speak to established traders or people working for large multinational corporations. Talk directly to international bankers on this.