Contrary to the sellers' and their super sales_conscious agents' familiar claim that "There is nothing to lose in signing those documents," quite the complete opposite is true _ namely, a great deal, in fact, could potentially be lost particularly by the buyer by signing an LOI to a supposed seller. Why? In a word, this is because the LOI is actually fraught with many incalculable legal flaws, traps and pitfalls, much of which could often be prohibitively costly for the buyer, according to legal authorities and contract law experts. (See below for more on this)
Few traders and brokers realize that the Letter of Intent is not a standard document in International Trade. When "LOI" is used, it actually refers to the Letter of Indemnity. This is standard usage of the term and has been for decades. The Letter of Intent (hereafter referred to as LOI) is often used in specific domestic trades, such as in real estate or corporate mergers, but it has no standard usage in International Trade itself.