"Letters of intent are often touted as a 'non_legally binding' way to get the parties to set forth in writing what the undertaking is among them relative to a transaction. Too often, parties will sign such a document, feeling that they have little or nothing to lose by doing so... [True, that's] one of the attractive elements of the letter of intent [its purported non_binding nature]. However, courts have found letters of intent to create binding obligations, even if the letter itself does not explicitly state that it is binding... certain provisions within the document may indeed [still] have legal effect."
Few traders and brokers realize that the Letter of Intent is not a standard document in International Trade. When "LOI" is used, it actually refers to the Letter of Indemnity. This is standard usage of the term and has been for decades. The Letter of Intent (hereafter referred to as LOI) is often used in specific domestic trades, such as in real estate or corporate mergers, but it has no standard usage in International Trade itself.