To conclude, there's perhaps no more apt way to conclude this piece, than to quote this very fitting statement by contract law attorney, Ivan Hoffman, of California: "[Given that] the letter of intent is essentially a legally worthless document [but yet one that could potentially cause many serious legal problems for the signer]. It is not clear to me the reason any party would ever bother to create such a document and yet I have seen it used on many occasions."
Letters of intent may be advanced in the world of commercial real estate. In some specific domestic markets (for example in principal to principal deals between upstream Petroleum traders and producers in the same country, or certain Joint venture projects) they may be found. But there is no underlying and supported standard international application for the Letter of Intent.